Director of undergraduate studies: Kalyanakrishnan Sivaramakrishnan, Rm. 128, 10 Sachem St., 432-3684,;


Professors Richard Bribiescas, Richard Burger, †Michael Dove, Kathryn Dudley, J. Joseph Errington, Eduardo Fernandez-Duque, †Inderpal Grewal, Marcia Inhorn, William Kelly, Paul Kockelman, Roderick McIntosh, Catherine Panter-Brick, Eric Sargis, †James Scott, Helen Siu, Kalyanakrishnan Sivaramakrishnan, Anne Underhill (Chair), Claudia Valeggia, David Watts, †Harvey Weiss

Associate Professors Erik Harms, William Honeychurch, Douglas Rogers

Assistant Professors Oswaldo Chinchilla, Narges Erami, Louisa Lombard, Brian Wood

Senior Lecturer †Carol Carpenter

†A joint appointment with primary affiliation in another department or school.

The major in Anthropology gives a firm grounding in this comparative discipline concerned with human cultural, social, and biological diversity. Anthropology deals not only with that small proportion of humankind in Europe and North America but with societies of the entire world, from the remotest past to the present day. It is thus an essential part of a sound liberal education, helping us to see our world from a perspective that challenges ethnocentric assumptions. The major in Anthropology covers the evolution of human and nonhuman primates and the evolutionary biology of living people; world prehistory and the emergence of civilization; diversity and commonality in social organization and culture; the importance of culture for understanding such topics as sickness and health, gender and sexuality, environment and development, media and visual culture, urban life and sport, economic organization and politics, law and society, migration, and religion; and language use as cultural behavior.

The subfields of anthropological inquiry—archaeology, biological anthropology, sociocultural anthropology, and linguistic anthropology—together offer a holistic perspective on humankind and its development.

Requirements of the major Students are required to present twelve course credits toward their major. At least eight term courses must be taught in the Yale Department of Anthropology. These eight must include an introductory or intermediate course (numbered ANTH 001–299) in each of at least three subfields of anthropology, three advanced courses (numbered ANTH 300–470 or 473–490, not including a senior essay seminar), and two electives. Additionally, all students must prepare a senior essay in ANTH 491 or another Anthropology seminar. Majors may take up to three cognate courses in departments other than Anthropology. Study abroad courses that are approved for Yale College and Anthropology credit may be used to replace one elective. If more than one such study abroad course credit is to be used for the major, it will come at the expense of one or more of the three cognate courses which may be taken in any Yale department or program with the approval of the director of undergraduate studies in Anthropology.

The major does not have formal tracks, but majors may choose to concentrate in one of the subfields of anthropology. They may also draw on courses in sociocultural and biological anthropology to pursue a concentration in medical anthropology. Those who concentrate in sociocultural anthropology are strongly encouraged to take a course in ethnographic methods and one in anthropological theory (e.g., ANTH 303 or 311). Those who concentrate in biological anthropology are strongly encouraged to take courses that give them hands-on experience working with material used in the study of human and nonhuman primate anatomy and evolution and that introduce them to laboratory methods.

Three term courses related to anthropology may be selected from other departments, with approval by the director of undergraduate studies. Majors are not required to present such cognate courses, but those who do should choose courses that expand their knowledge in one of the subfields of anthropology or in an area of cross-disciplinary concentration. For example, cognate courses for biological anthropology can be found in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Geology and Geophysics, Psychology, and Forestry & Environmental Studies; cognates for sociocultural anthropology can be found in Sociology, American Studies, History, Environmental Studies, Religious Studies, Global Affairs, and international and area studies. Appropriate areas of cross-disciplinary concentrations include such topics as area studies (e.g., Africa); anthropological approaches to law, environment, business, the built environment, and health; gender and sexuality studies; evolutionary biology; and geology.

With permission of the director of undergraduate studies, students may apply up to four courses taken outside Yale as electives or cognates toward the Anthropology major. Such courses must have been approved for Yale College credit and may include courses taken on a Year or Term Abroad or through summer study at another college or university.

Credit/D/Fail A maximum of one course taken Credit/D/Fail may be applied toward the Anthropology major.

Graduate courses Most graduate seminars in anthropology are open to qualified undergraduates. Descriptions are available in the departmental office, 10 Sachem St. Permission of the instructor and of the director of graduate studies is required.

Senior essay All majors are required to complete a substantial paper during the senior year, either in a seminar or in ANTH 491. There are three options for completing the senior essay. First, students can write a paper for an advanced seminar. A seminar senior essay must be more substantial than a typical term paper and is expected to be 20–25 pages long. It is evaluated by the seminar instructor and a second reader drawn from the Yale faculty. Students must obtain written approval for this option from the seminar instructor no later than the third week of the term. Students fulfilling the requirements of two majors may not apply a single seminar essay toward the senior requirement for both majors. The deadline for a seminar senior essay is the senior essay deadline, not the term paper deadline. Students choosing this option must take the seminar for which they write their essay in addition to the three advanced courses required for the major.

The second option for the senior essay is an independent essay on a subject of the student's choice, completed in ANTH 491. A student pursuing this option must choose a topic and identify a faculty adviser by the end of the third week of the term in which the essay is to be written. By the same date, the adviser must approve a prospectus that outlines the topic, objectives, and methods of the essay, as well as a preliminary bibliography. The student should also inform the director of undergraduate studies of a preferred second reader by this time. The adviser must have a faculty appointment in Anthropology, and the second reader must have a faculty appointment at Yale.

The third option for the senior essay is a yearlong paper, begun in ANTH 471 or ANTH 472 and completed in ANTH 491. The yearlong essay is designed for students who wish to pursue more extensive independent projects than can be completed in a single term. Students must have their project approved by a faculty adviser who establishes the requirements for ANTH 471 or ANTH 472; approval is required before the student registers for ANTH 471 or ANTH 472, typically in the fall term of the senior year.


Prerequisites None

Number of courses 12 course credits (incl senior req)

Distribution of courses At least 1 intro survey or intermediate course in each of 3 subfields; 3 advanced courses (not incl senior essay sem); 2 electives; up to 3 cognate courses in other depts or programs with DUS approval

Substitution permitted 1 study abroad course for 1 ANTH elective

Senior requirement Senior essay in advanced sem or ANTH 491


ANTH 110a, An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Louisa Lombard

Anthropological study of cosmology, tacit knowledge, and ways of knowing the world in specific social settings. Ways in which sociocultural specificity helps to explain human solutions to problems of cooperation and conflict, production and reproduction, expression, and belief. Introduction to anthropological ways of understanding cultural difference in approaches to sickness and healing, gender and sexuality, economics, religion, and communication.  SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

ANTH 116a, Introduction to Biological Anthropology David Watts

Introduction to human and primate evolution, primate behavior, and human biology. Topics include a review of principles of evolutionary biology and basic molecular and population genetics; the behavior, ecology, and evolution of nonhuman primates; the fossil and archaeological record for human evolution; the origin of modern humans; biological variation in living humans; and the evolution of human behavior.  SC, SO
Anthropology: Biological

ANTH 132b / SOCY 139b, Sex, Love, and Reproduction Eduardo Fernandez-Duque

Introduction to the scientific study of sex in humans. Basic principles of evolutionary biology; genetic, physiological, ecological, social, and behavioral aspects of sex in humans; topics relevant to human sexuality today. Examples drawn primarily from traditional and modern human societies, with some attention to data from studies of nonhuman primates.

ANTH 171b / ARCG 171b, Great Civilizations of the Ancient World William Gardner

A survey of selected prehistoric and historical cultures through examination of archaeological sites and materials. Emphasis on the methodological and theoretical approaches by which archaeologists recover, analyze, and interpret the material remains of the past.  SO
Anthropology: Archaeology

* ANTH 206a / AFAM 205a, Africana Critical Theory and the Social Sciences Ryan Jobson

Examination of the dialogues between black studies and the social sciences, with focus on the discipline of anthropology. Topics under consideration include scientific racism and its discontents, ethnographic writing and methods, Marxist social criticism, and decolonial theory.  SO

* ANTH 218a, Voices of Human Rights Narges Erami and Samar Al-Bulushi

Application of an anthropological lens to analyze and understand debates about human rights and social justice from the perspective of everyday actors as well as human rights experts and practitioners. Topics include how social movements understand human rights in relation to everyday histories and experiences of violence, exploitation, and racism; the relationship between the organizational culture of an institution and the adoption of human rights norms; racial and social justice in the United States; ethical dilemmas and representational concerns in context of human rights documentation and advocacy.  SO

* ANTH 230a / WGSS 230a, Evolutionary Biology of Women's Reproductive Lives Claudia Valeggia

Evolutionary and biosocial perspectives on female reproductive lives. Physiological, ecological, and social aspects of women's development from puberty through menopause and aging, with special attention to reproductive processes such as pregnancy, birth, and lactation. Variation in female life histories in a variety of cultural and ecological settings. Examples from both traditional and modern societies.  SC

ANTH 232a / ARCG 232a / LAST 232a, Ancient Civilizations of the Andes Richard Burger

Survey of the archaeological cultures of Peru and Bolivia from the earliest settlement through the late Inca state.  SO
Anthropology: Archaeology

ANTH 233b / ARCG 233b, Ancient Civilizations of Mesoamerica Oswaldo Chinchilla Mazariegos

The Indian civilizations of Mexico and Central America from earliest times through the Spanish Conquest.  SO

* ANTH 234b / WGSS 234b, Disability and Culture Elizabeth Miles

Exploration of disability from a cross-cultural perspective, using examples from around the globe. Disability as it relates to identity, culture, law, and politics. Case studies may include deafness in Japan, wheelchair mobility in the United States, and mental illness in the former Soviet republics.  SORP
Anthropology: Sociocultural

ANTH 242b, Human Evolutionary Biology and Life History Claudia Valeggia

The range of human physiological adaptability across environments and ecologies. Effects of energetic constraints on growth, reproduction, and behavior within the context of evolution and life history theory, with special emphasis on traditional non-Western societies.  SC, SO
Anthropology: Biological

ANTH 244a, Modern Southeast Asia Erik Harms

Introduction to the peoples and cultures of Southeast Asia, with special emphasis on the challenges of modernization, development, and globalization. Southeast Asian history, literature, arts, belief systems, agriculture, industrialization and urbanization, politics, ecological challenges, and economic change.  SO

ANTH 254a, Japan: Culture, Society, Modernity Sarah LeBaron von Baeyer

Introduction to Japanese society and culture. The historical development of Japanese society; family, work, and education in contemporary Japan; Japanese aesthetics; and psychological, sociological, and cultural interpretations of Japanese behavior.  WR, SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

ANTH 267b / ARCG 267b, Human Evolution David Watts

Examination of the fossil record of human evolution, including both paleontological and archaeological evidence for changes in hominid behavior during the Pleistocene. Prerequisite: Introductory course in biological anthropology or biology.  SO
Anthropology: Biological

ANTH 271b / ARCG 271b, Human Ecology Brian Wood

Introduction to ways in which people use and relate to their physical and social environments in both the past and the present. Adaptations underlying humanity's unique ecological niche; cultural diversity in subsistence and resource use; population growth and regulation; anthropogenic evolutionary and ecological change.  SO
Anthropology: Biological

ANTH 272b / AFST 272b / ARCG 272b, African Prehistory Roderick McIntosh

Survey of archaeological evidence for the original contributions of the African continent to the human condition. The unresolved issues of African prehistory, from the time of the first hominids, through development of food production and metallurgy, to the rise of states and cities.  SO
Anthropology: Archaeology

ANTH 276a / SAST 219a, South Asian Social Worlds Bhawani Buswala

Study of a series of texts that introduce anthropological and critical approaches to South Asia's peoples and cultures while questioning the historical and political possibility of understanding such a diverse region.  WR, SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

ANTH 280b, Evolution of Primate Intelligence David Watts

Discussion of the extent and evolutionary origins of cognitive abilities in primates (prosimians, monkeys, apes, and humans). Topics include the role of ecological and social factors as evolutionary forces; "ape language" studies; and whether any nonhuman primates possess a "theory of mind."  SO
Anthropology: Biological

ANTH 287b, Minorities in Japan Sarah LeBaron von Baeyer

Study of the many ways in which Japan is in fact heterogeneous and diverse, from the long established ethnic minorities such as Okinawans and Zainichi Koreans, to more recent immigrants such as Nikkei-Brazilians and Filipino/as, to the less commonly studied groups such as career women; sexual and religious minorities; and people faced with disability, economic disadvantage, and mental illness.  SO

ANTH 300a / E&EB 300a / EVST 182a, Primate Behavior and Ecology Eduardo Fernandez-Duque

Socioecology of primates compared with that of other mammals, emphasizing both general principles and unique primate characteristics. Topics include life-history strategies, feeding ecology, mating systems, and ecological influences on social organization.  SC, SO

* ANTH 302a / AMST 402a / FILM 324a / WGSS 380a, Gender and Sexuality in Media and Popular Culture Laura Wexler and T.L. Cowan

Investigation of visual media and popular culture in the United States and transnationally. Gender, race, class, and sexuality in relation to the production, circulation, consumption, and reception of media culture. Focus on theories of media and the visual. Significant lab component in which students use media technologies to make and illustrate theoretical arguments.  HU
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 303b, Field Methods in Cultural Anthropology Sarah LeBaron von Baeyer

The fundamentals of cultural anthropology methods. The foundations of fieldwork approaches, including methods, theories, and the problem of objectivity.  WR, SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 304a, Transnational Migration and East Asia Sarah LeBaron von Baeyer

Exploration of key anthropological and sociological approaches to transnational migration to/from East Asia in the current era of intensified globalization. Consideration of: migration within, and to East Asia, including labor migration to South Korea and African Pentecostal migration to China; ethnic communities in Japan such as the Koreans and recent migrant arrivals such as the Filipinos, Nepalese, and Brazilians; and current global migrations from/out of East Asia, including Chinese migrants in both South Africa and Brazil and Koreans in the United States.  SO

* ANTH 309a, Language and Culture Paul Kockelman

The relations between language, culture, and cognition. What meaning is and why it matters. Readings in recent and classic works by anthropologists, linguists, psychologists, and philosophers.  SO

* ANTH 310a / E&EB 280a, Mammalogy Eric Sargis

The evolution and diversity of mammals, including primates. Origins, evolutionary history, systematics, morphology, biogeography, physiology, behavior, and ecology of major mammalian lineages. Accompanying laboratories focus on diagnostic morphological features of mammalian groups through examination of specimens from the Peabody Museum.  SC
Anthropology: Biological

* ANTH 311b / MMES 310b, Anthropological Theory and the Post Colonial Encounter Narges Erami

Key texts in the theoretical development of sociocultural anthropology. Theorists include Emile Durkheim, Marcel Mauss, A. R. Radcliffe-Brown, Bronislaw Malinowski, E. E. Evans-Pritchard, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Mary Douglas, Clifford Geertz, Sherry Ortner, Michele Rosaldo, Talal Asad, and Edward Said.  SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 314b, Global Land Grabs Erik Harms and Elliott Prasse-Freeman

Study of the so-called Global Land Grab phenomenon, the massive expropriation of land (thought of broadly to include green-spaces and waterways) and resources from the world’s peasants. Course readings introduce foundational literature in the field and carefully attend to the everyday experiences of people involved in land grabs.  SO

ANTH 316La / ARCG 316La, Introduction to Archaeological Laboratory Sciences Roderick McIntosh

Introduction to techniques of archaeological laboratory analysis, with quantitative data styles and statistics appropriate to each. Topics include dating of artifacts, sourcing of ancient materials, remote sensing, and microscopic and biochemical analysis. Specific techniques covered vary from year to year.
Anthropology: Archaeology

* ANTH 333a, Bilingualism in Social Context J. Joseph Errington

The linguistic phenomenon of bilingualism presented through broad issues in social description inseparably linked to it: growth and change in bilingual communities; bilingual usage, social identity, and allegiance; and interactional significances of bilingual speech repertoire use.  SO
Anthropology: Linguistic

* ANTH 335b / E&EB 342b, Primate Diversity and Evolution Eric Sargis

The diversity and evolutionary history of living and extinct primates. Focus on major controversies in primate systematics and evolution, including the origins and relationships of several groups. Consideration of both morphological and molecular studies. Morphological diversity and adaptations explored through museum specimens and fossil casts. Recommended preparation: ANTH 116.  SC
Anthropology: Biological

* ANTH 339b, Urban Ethnography of Asia Erik Harms

Introduction to the anthropological study of contemporary Asian cities. Focus on new ethnographies about cities in East, Southeast, and South Asia. Topics include rural-urban migration, redevelopment, evictions, social movements, land grabbing, master-planned developments, heritage preservation, utopian aspirations, social housing, slums and precariousness, and spatial cleansing.  SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 342b, Cultures and Markets in Asia Helen Siu

Historical and contemporary movements of people, goods, and cultural meanings that have defined Asia as a region. Reexamination of state-centered conceptualizations of Asia and of established boundaries in regional studies. The intersections of transregional institutions and local societies and their effects on trading empires, religious traditions, colonial encounters, and cultural fusion. Finance flows that connect East Asia and the Indian Ocean to the Middle East and Africa. The cultures of capital and market in the neoliberal and postsocialist world.  SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 346b, Anthropological Approaches to Capitalism Douglas Rogers

An introduction to the anthropological study of capitalism. Focus on how markets and commodities are embedded in social, cultural, and political contexts. Discussion of the many ways people have embraced, reinterpreted, and resisted capitalism worldwide. Consideration of the implications of this diversity for theories of capitalism as a whole. Enrollment limited to sophomores.  SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 360a / MMES 111a, Representing Iran Narges Erami

Major themes in Iranian history and culture used as a critical framework for understanding challenges that face Iran today. Examination of Western production of knowledge about Iran. Topics include local and oral history, revolutions, Islam and secularism, democracy and theocracy, and the role of cinema.  SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 362b, Unity and Diversity in Chinese Culture Helen Siu

An exploration of the Chinese identity as it has been reworked over the centuries. Major works in Chinese anthropology and their intellectual connections with general anthropology and historical studies. Topics include kinship and marriage, marketing systems, rituals and popular religion, ethnicity and state making, and the cultural nexus of power.
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 371a, Modern Indonesia J. Joseph Errington

Political and cultural dynamics in contemporary Indonesia explored from historical and anthropological perspectives. Major ethnic groups, key historical dynamics, political culture, and interaction between modernization and traditional lifeways. Issues of ethnicity, gender, religion, and economy in situations of rapid social change.  SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 372a / ARCG 372a, The Archaeology of Urbanism Anne Underhill and Oswaldo Chinchilla Mazariegos

Archaeological studies of ancient cities and urbanism. Topics include the origin and growth of cities; the economic, social, and political implications of urban life; and archaeological methods and theories for the study of ancient urbanism. Case studies include ancient cities around the world.   SO

* ANTH 375b / ARCG 375b / ARCG 379, Anthropology of Mobile Societies William Honeychurch

The social and cultural significance of the ways that hunter-gatherers, pastoral nomads, maritime traders, and members of our own society traverse space. The impact of mobility and transport technologies on subsistence, trade, interaction, and warfare from the first horse riders of five thousand years ago to jet-propulsion tourists of today.  SO

* ANTH 376b / ANTH 876b / EVST 377b, Observing and Measuring Behavior Eduardo Fernandez-Duque

Survey of theoretical issues and practical methods relevant to the study of animal and human behavior, primarily in the wild. Topics include research design, behavioral and ecological sampling protocols, basic methods for data analysis, including simple descriptive and analytical statistics, and widely-used technologies that facilitate the study of behavior, such as radiotelemetry. Working around a specific research question, students design their own behavioral study. Prerequisite: Course in evolutionary biology or in the study of animal behavior.  SC, SO

ANTH 380a / LING 219a, The Evolution of Language and Culture Claire Bowern

Introduction to cultural and linguistic evolution. How diversity evolves; how innovations proceed through a community; who within a community drives change; how changes can be “undone” to reconstruct the past. Methods originally developed for studying evolutionary biology are applied to language and culture. None  WR, SO

* ANTH 381b / WGSS 378b, Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Human Rights Graeme Reid

Examination of historical, cultural, and political aspects of sexual orientation, gender identity, and human rights in the context of globalization.  SO

* ANTH 382a / EVST 345a / F&ES 384a, Environmental Anthropology Carol Carpenter

History of the anthropological study of the environment: nature-culture dichotomy, ecology and social organization, methodological debates, politics of the environment, and knowing the environment.  SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 385a / ARCG 385a, Archaeological Ceramics Anne Underhill

Archaeological methods for analyzing and interpreting ceramics, arguably the most common type of object found in ancient sites. Focus on what different aspects of ceramic vessels reveal about the people who made them and used them.  SO
Anthropology: Archaeology

* ANTH 386b / GLBL 393b, Humanitarian Interventions: Ethics, Politics, and Health Catherine Panter-Brick

Analysis of humanitarian interventions from a variety of social science disciplinary perspectives. Issues related to policy, legal protection, health care, morality, and governance in relation to the moral imperative to save lives in conditions of extreme adversity. Promotion of dialogue between social scientists and humanitarian practitioners.  WR, SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 387b / ARCG 387b, East Asian Objects and Museums Anne Underhill

Exploration of East Asian art and anthropological collections at Yale’s museums and at other major museums in North America and East Asia. Through study of the pioneers who created these collections and the formation history of the collections, students consider the meaning and importance of contemporary museum practice. A student-curated exhibition in conjunction with Yale University Art Gallery. Trips to regional museums and attendance at Yale sponsored conference on Korean Art and Photograph Collections.  SO

* ANTH 400b / SAST 307b, Language and Power in South Asia Bhawani Buswala

Examination of the relationship between language and power in South Asian historical and contemporary contexts. Key themes include linguistic capital, the public sphere, oratory practices, emotions, performativity, literacy, social identities, diaspora, and agency. Readings include works by anthropologists, historians, and sociolinguists covering different South Asian colonial and postcolonial settings.  WR, SO

* ANTH 401b, Meaning and Materiality Paul Kockelman

The interaction of meaning and materiality. Relations among significance, selection, sieving, and serendipity explored through classic work in biosemiosis, technocognition, and sociogenesis. Sources from sociocultural and linguistic anthropology, philosophy, and cognitive sciences such as psychology.  SO
Anthropology: Linguistic

* ANTH 402a / EAST 403a, Recognition, Shame, and the State in Contemporary Japan Kuraudo Yamamoto

Exploration of the historical relation between the Japanese state and certain marginalized social groups, specifically the stigma which attaches to some groups and the role of the state in producing these stigmas. Social groups considered include: construction workers or day laborers of postwar recovery; the burakumin or outcaste class; resident foreigners, such as the Chinese and Koreans; Okinawans; Fukushima residents, radical leftists, and World War II comfort women.  SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 406a / EVST 424a / PLSC 420a, Rivers: Nature and Politics James Scott

The natural history of rivers and river systems and the politics surrounding the efforts of states to manage and engineer them.  SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 409a / ER&M 394 / EVST 422a / F&ES 422a, Climate and Society from Past to Present Michael Dove

The history of scholarly thinking on the relationship between climate and society, focusing on the social sciences in general and on anthropology in particular. Historical theories about climate and society since the beginning of human civilization; the importance of such theories for understanding contemporary debates about climate change. Special attention to current debates regarding climate politics and science denial.  SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 414a / EAST 417a, Hubs, Mobilities, and World Cities Helen Siu and William Kelly

Analysis of urban life in historical and contemporary societies. Topics include capitalist and postmodern transformations; class, gender, ethnicity, and migration; and global landscapes of power and citizenship.  SORP

* ANTH 415a, Culture, History, Power, and Representation Helen Siu

A critical introduction to anthropological formulations of the junctures of meaning, interest, and power. Readings include classical and contemporary ethnographies that are theoretically informed and historically situated.  SORP

* ANTH 417a / ARCG 417a, Maya Hieroglyphic Writing Oswaldo Chinchilla Mazariegos

Introduction to the ancient Maya writing system. Contents of the extant corpus, including nametags, royal and ritual commemorations, dynastic and political subjects, and religious and augural subjects; principles and methods of decipherment; overview of the Maya calendar; comparison with related writing systems in Mesoamerica and elsewhere in the ancient world.  SO
Anthropology: Archaeology

* ANTH 426a / AMST 424a, Ethnographic Encounters Kathryn Dudley

Tracking the production of various forms of knowledge in social encounters structured by cultural and ontological differences. Advanced conversation and theoretical reflection on critical questions about the experiential basis for ethnographic analysis, writing, and representation. Exploration of key approaches to intersubjective experience, including phenomenological anthropology, relational psychoanalysis, affect studies, and the new materialisms. Instructor's permission.  SO

* ANTH 438b, Culture, Power, Oil Douglas Rogers

The production, circulation, and consumption of petroleum as they relate to globalization, empire, cultural performance, natural resource extraction, and the nature of the state. Case studies include the United States, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, Venezuela, and the former Soviet Union.  SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 439a, Africa, Politics, Anthropology Louisa Lombard

Historical-anthropological study of politics in Africa since the early nineteenth century. The creation and operation of African states; the negotiation of legitimacy, authority, and belonging by state agents and the people they govern; anthropological theories about the workings of African politics, including the involvement of both state and nonstate actors.  SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 443b / ER&M 346b, Contemporary Issues of Native North America Kelly Fayard

Exploration of contemporary issues within Native American communities to gain a better understanding of legal and social issues between the Federal government, reservations, and urban Indian populations.  SO

* ANTH 451a / WGSS 431a, Intersectionality and Women’s Health Marcia Inhorn

The intersections of race, class, gender, and other axes of “difference” and their effects on women’s health, primarily in the contemporary United States. Recent feminist approaches to intersectionality and multiplicity of oppressions theory. Ways in which anthropologists studying women’s health issues have contributed to social and feminist theory at the intersections of race, class, and gender.  SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 453a, Health Disparities and Health Equity Catherine Panter-Brick

A biocultural perspective on debates in medical anthropology and global health that focus on health disparities and equity. The intersection of biological and cultural issues in matters of health research and intervention. Application of theoretical frameworks to case studies in global health inequality.  WR, SO

* ANTH 457a, Topics in Evolutionary Theory Eric Sargis and Brian Wood

Classic and current literature in theoretical evolutionary biology. Intensive training in critical analysis of theoretical concepts and in scientific writing. Recommended preparation: ANTH 267.  SO
Anthropology: Biological
Anthropology: Sociocultural

ANTH 458a, Demography and Human Experience Brian Wood

Introduction to the study of the growth, decline, composition, migration, and interaction of human populations. Methods for measuring, visualizing, and analyzing population processes. Theory from disciplines such as history, social science, public health, and environmental science used to explore the ways in which individual human experience reflects and contributes to population dynamics.  SO
Anthropology: Sociocultural

* ANTH 459b, Ethnopediatrics Claudia Valeggia

Cross-cultural study of the relation between biology and culture and its influence on children's well-being. Ways in which the health, growth, and development of children are shaped by the interactions of human evolutionary biology, ecology, and local cultural patterns.  SO

ANTH 464b / ARCG 464b / E&EB 464b, Human Osteology Eric Sargis

A lecture and laboratory course focusing on the characteristics of the human skeleton and its use in studies of functional morphology, paleodemography, and paleopathology. Laboratories familiarize students with skeletal parts; lectures focus on the nature of bone tissue, its biomechanical modification, sexing, aging, and interpretation of lesions.  SC, SO
Anthropology: Biological

* ANTH 471a or b, Readings in Anthropology Paul Kockelman

For students who wish to investigate an area of anthropology not covered by regular departmental offerings. The project must terminate with at least a term paper or its equivalent. No student may take more than two terms for credit. To apply for admission, a student should present a prospectus and bibliography to the director of undergraduate studies no later than the third week of the term. Written approval from the faculty member who will direct the student's reading and writing must accompany the prospectus.

* ANTH 484a / WGSS 304a, Men, Manhood, and Masculinity Andrew Dowe

Cultural and historic constructions of masculinity explored through an investigation of male bodies, sexualities, and social interactions. Multiple masculinities; the relationship between hegemonic, nonhegemonic, and subordinate masculinities.  SO

* ANTH 491a or b, The Senior Essay Paul Kockelman

Supervised investigation of some topic in depth. The course requirement is a long essay to be submitted as the student's senior essay. By the end of the third week of the term in which the essay is written, the student must present a prospectus and a preliminary bibliography to the director of undergraduate studies. Written approval from an Anthropology faculty adviser and an indication of a preferred second reader must accompany the prospectus.