Director of undergraduate studies: Laurie Santos, 213 SSS, 432-4524,;


Professors Woo-kyoung Ahn, Stephen Anderson, Amy Arnsten, John Bargh, Paul Bloom, Thomas Brown, Tyrone Cannon, Joseph Chang, Marvin Chun, Margaret Clark, Ravi Dhar, John Dovidio, Carol Fowler (Adjunct), Tamar Gendler, Jeannette Ickovics, Marcia Johnson, Jutta Joormann, Dan Kahan, Alan Kazdin, Frank Keil, Joshua Knobe, Marianne LaFrance, Linda Mayes, Gregory McCarthy, Nathan Novemsky, Peter Salovey, Brian Scholl, Jane Taylor, Tom Tyler, Fred Volkmar, Victor Vroom, Karen Wynn

Associate Professors Robert Kerns, Jr., Maria Piñango, Laurie Santos, Mary Schwab-Stone

Assistant Professors Steve Chang, Yarrow Dunham, Avram Holmes, Hedy Kober, Jaime Napier, David Rand, Gregory Samanez-Larkin

Lecturers Nancy Close, Nelson Donegan, Carla Horwitz, David Klemanski, Kristi Lockhart, Mary O'Brien, Matthias Siemer, Benjamin Toll, Marney White

The introduction to psychology is PSYC 110, a general survey course. PSYC 110 is a prerequisite for other 100-level courses only if indicated in their course descriptions; it is a prerequisite for all courses numbered 200 or above.

Courses in the department are organized so that they are best taken in several parallel sequences. Courses numbered from 120 to 190 and ending in a zero are core survey courses that introduce students to major areas of psychology and provide additional background for more advanced courses. These courses represent major content areas of psychology; students should sample broadly from them before specializing. Courses numbered from 200 to 209 focus on statistics and general methodology. Courses numbered from 210 to 299 teach data collection in various areas of psychology. Courses numbered from 300 to 399 are more advanced courses in a particular specialization. Senior seminars, whose enrollment is limited to twenty students, are numbered from 400 to 489. These seminars are best taken once a student has appropriate background. Courses numbered from 490 to 499 are special tutorial courses that require permission of the adviser and the director of undergraduate studies.

The standard major The major in Psychology requires twelve term courses beyond PSYC 110, including the senior requirement.

  1. Because psychology is so diverse a subject, every student is required to take four courses from the list below. Two of these courses must be from the social science point of view in psychology and two must be from the natural science point of view. At least one from each group must be a course designated as "Core" in the course listings. Students are expected to take their two core courses as early as possible in the major, normally within two terms after declaring their major.

    Social science:  PSYC 125, 126, 127, 128, 140, 150, 152, 180181, 232L, 250, 280L315319325330332342, 355

    Natural science: PSYC 120, 130, 137, 147149, 160, 161163170171190191, 230260, 270, 304, 318320, 321, 322327, 329331337, 350360371376

  2. Because statistical techniques and the mode of reasoning they employ are fundamental in psychology, a course in statistics (PSYC 200) is required, preferably prior to the senior year. A student may substitute STAT 103 for PSYC 200 or may substitute an examination arranged with the instructor of PSYC 200 for the course requirement. Students may take the examination only one time.

  3. To assure some direct experience in collecting and analyzing data, students must elect at least one course, preferably prior to the senior year, in which research is planned and carried out. Courses numbered between 210 and 299 fulfill this research methods requirement.

  4. To encourage consideration of the relation between psychology and other disciplines, students may, with permission of the director of undergraduate studies, count up to three term courses in other related departments toward the major. Students should consult with the director of undergraduate studies in Psychology about selecting outside courses. Appropriate courses are typically offered in anthropology, cognitive science, philosophy, political science, and the biological sciences. Some students may find courses in other subjects related to their major.

Students interested in research are encouraged to take an independent study course (PSYC 490, 491, 492, 493) as early as the sophomore year. Students may also take PSYC 495 for one-half course credit of independent research per term with prior permission of the faculty adviser and the director of undergraduate studies. No more than a total of three credits from PSYC 490–495 combined may count toward the major.

B.S. degree The B.S. degree is typically awarded to students who conduct empirical research through a directed research course. B.S. candidates must fulfill the statistics and research methods requirements of the major before starting the senior year. An empirical research project normally includes designing an experiment and collecting and analyzing the data.

B.A. degree The B.A. degree is typically awarded to students who conduct a nonempirical literature review. There are no restrictions in the research format for the B.A.

Senior requirement Majors are required to earn two course credits from courses numbered PSYC 400–495. At least one of these course credits must be taken during the senior year and, for the B.S. degree, at least one must be a directed research course (PSYC 492 or 493) taken during the senior year. Juniors may preregister for senior seminars at the end of the junior year. In order to count credits obtained from PSYC 400–495 toward the senior requirement, a student must submit a substantial final paper (a minimum of 20 pages for a one-credit course, 10 pages for a half-credit course).

Credit/D/Fail No more than two term courses taken Credit/D/Fail may be applied toward the major; no 200-level course taken Credit/D/Fail may be applied toward the major.

Departmental advisers Schedules for all majors must be discussed with, and approved by, the director of undergraduate studies or the adviser for the neuroscience track in Psychology. Only then may a schedule be submitted to the residential college dean's office. For questions concerning credits for courses taken at other institutions or at Yale but outside the Department of Psychology, students should consult with the director of undergraduate studies. For questions concerning special tracks, students should consult with the director of undergraduate studies or the adviser for the neuroscience track in Psychology.

Distinction in the Major To be considered for a B.S. degree with Distinction, a student must first submit a research proposal of one to two single-spaced pages, signed by the senior essay adviser, by the end of the registration period in the fall term of the senior year. The proposal must specify a research hypothesis, a rationale for the hypothesis, and proposed methods for collecting and analyzing data.

To be considered for a B.A. degree with Distinction, a student must first submit a senior essay proposal of one to two pages, signed by the essay adviser and specifying the research topic, by the end of the registration period in the fall term of the senior year.

Additionally, to be considered for Distinction in the Major with either degree, students must submit a senior essay to the Psychology department at least one week before the last day of classes in the final term of enrollment. The senior essay must be written during the senior year and must be a product of one or two of the 400-level courses taken to fulfill the senior requirement. Senior essays that are submitted after the deadline will be subject to grade penalties.

Computer Science and Psychology major The interdepartmental major in Computer Science and Psychology may be considered by students with interests lying squarely between the two disciplines. See under Computer Science and Psychology for more information.

Neuroscience track in Psychology Students with a major interest in neuroscience may wish to elect the neuroscience track. Such students are considered Psychology majors for whom the requirements have been modified to accommodate their interests, and to reflect the multidisciplinary nature of modern neuroscience and psychology. Given the broad nature of the field of neuroscience, students may wish to concentrate their studies in one area of the field (e.g., behavioral, cellular and molecular, cognitive, affective, social, clinical, or developmental). Interested students are encouraged to meet with the track adviser, Gregory Samanez-Larkin, 318 SSS, 432-1150, Majors in the neuroscience track meet with the track adviser at the beginning of each term in their junior and senior years.

Requirements for the neuroscience track are the same as for the standard major, with the following exceptions:

  1. Two terms of introductory biology are required for the major, either MCDB 120 or BIOL 101 and 102, and either E&EB 122 or BIOL 103 and 104. Students who have scored 5 on the Advanced Placement test in Biology may place out of these courses.
  2. Students must take PSYC 160 or 170 and a data-collection course chosen from PSYC 230L, 260, or 270. MCDB 320 may substitute for the PSYC 160 or 170 requirement, or MCDB 320 and 321L may substitute for the PSYC 230L, 260, or 270 requirement, but not both. If MCDB 320 is substituted for a Psychology course, it cannot be counted as one of the two advanced science courses outside the department (see item 4 below).
  3. As required for the standard major, students in the neuroscience track must take two courses from the social science list above, at least one of which must be designated as "Core" in the course listings. Students in the neuroscience track must also take a course from the natural science list in addition to the courses specified in item 2 above.
  4. At least two advanced science courses must be chosen from Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology and Ecology and Evolutionary Biology courses numbered 200 and above that deal with human and/or animal biology; recommended courses include MCDB 200, 202, 205, 210, 240, 300, 315, 320, E&EB 220, 225, and 240. Certain courses outside of these departments may also meet the advanced science requirement, including BENG 350, 421, CPSC 475, MB&B 300, 301, 420, 435, 443, 452, MATH 222, 225, 230, 231, and STAT 241. Other courses may qualify for this requirement with permission of the neuroscience track adviser. Laboratory courses do not count toward the advanced science requirement. Students should note that many advanced science courses have prerequisites that must be taken first.
  5. The senior requirement for the neuroscience track is the same as for the standard major, except that the two required course credits from PSYC 400–495 must have neuroscience content. Students pursuing the B.S. degree in the track must carry out a neuroscientific empirical project in PSYC 492 or 493 and must be supervised by a faculty member within the neuroscience area of the Psychology department. Students who wish to work with an affiliated faculty member studying neuroscience outside the department must obtain permission from the neuroscience track adviser.



Prerequisite PSYC 110

Number of courses 12 courses beyond prereq (incl senior req)

Specific course required PSYC 200

Distribution of coursesB.A.—2 social science courses and 2 natural science courses, as specified; 1 course numbered PSYC 210–299; B.S.—Same, with completion of the statistics and research methods reqs before senior year

Substitution permitted For PSYC 200, STAT 103 or exam arranged with instructor; up to 3 relevant courses in other depts, with DUS permission

Senior requirementB.A.—2 course credits from PSYC 400–495, 1 during senior year; B.S.PSYC 492 or 493 taken during senior year; 1 addtl course credit from PSYC 400–495


Prerequisite PSYC 110

Number of courses 12 courses beyond prereq (incl senior req)

Specific courses required PSYC 160 or 170; PSYC 200; PSYC 230L, 260, or 270

Distribution of courses B.A.— 2 social science courses and 1 natural science course, as specified; at least 2 advanced science courses, as specified; B.S.—Same, with completion of the statistics and research methods reqs before senior year

Substitution permitted MCDB 320 for PSYC 160 or 170, or MCDB 320 and 321L for PSYC 230L, 260, or 270; for PSYC 200, STAT 103 or exam arranged with instructor

Senior requirement B.A.—2 course credits from PSYC 400–495 with neuroscience content, 1 during senior year; B.S.PSYC 492 or 493 taken during senior year, with neuroscience content in research project; 1 addtl course credit from PSYC 400–495 with neuroscience content


PSYC 110a or b, Introduction to Psychology Staff

A survey of major psychological approaches to the biological, cognitive, and social bases of behavior.  SO

* PSYC 125a / CHLD 125a / EDST 125a, Child Development Nancy Close and Carla Horwitz

The reading of selected material with supervised participant-observer experience in infant programs, a day-care and kindergarten center, or a family day-care program. Regularly scheduled seminar discussions emphasize both theory and practice. An assumption of the course is that it is not possible to understand children—their behavior and development—without understanding their parents and the relationship between child and parents. The focus is on infancy as well as early childhood. Enrollment limited to juniors and seniors.  WR, SO
Psychology: Social Science

PSYC 126a, Attraction and Relationships Margaret Clark

Theory and empirical research on the antecedents and consequences of attraction, and on intra- and interpersonal processes that either facilitate or interfere with the formation and maintenance of close relationships. Methodological bases for rigorous study of these topics.  SO
Psychology: Social Science
TTh 1pm-2:15pm

* PSYC 127a / CHLD 127a / EDST 127a, Theory and Practice of Early Childhood Education: Implications of Curriculum and Policy Carla Horwitz

Development of curricula for preschool children—infants through five-year-olds—in light of current research and child development theory.  WR, SORP
Psychology: Social Science
T 2:30pm-4:20pm

* PSYC 128b / CHLD 128b / EDST 128b, Language, Literacy, and Play Nancy Close and Carla Horwitz

The complicated role of play in the development of language and literacy skills among preschool-aged children. Topics include social-emotional, cross-cultural, cognitive, and communicative aspects of play.  WR, SORP
Psychology: Social Science

PSYC 130a / CGSC 110a, Introduction to Cognitive Science Brian Scholl

An introduction to the interdisciplinary study of how the mind works. Discussion of tools, theories, and assumptions from psychology, computer science, neuroscience, linguistics, and philosophy.  SO
Psychology: Core
Psychology: Natural Science

PSYC 140a, Developmental Psychology Frank Keil

An introduction to research and theory on the development of perception, action, emotion, personality, language, and cognition from a cognitive science perspective. Focus on birth to adolescence in humans and other species. Prerequisite: PSYC 110.  SO
Psychology: Social Science
Psychology: Core
TTh 2:30pm-3:45pm

PSYC 147a, Animal Models of Clinical Disorders Nelson Donegan

An interdisciplinary approach to understanding and treating psychiatric disorders, integrating clinical psychology, psychiatry, and advances in basic neuroscience. Focus on how research with animal models can advance our understanding of psychiatric disorders and generate more effective treatments for patients. Topics include drug addiction, depression, Parkinson's disease, and schizophrenia.  SC, SO
Psychology: Natural Science
TTh 11:35am-12:50pm

PSYC 150b, Social Psychology Marianne LaFrance

Study of social cognition, attitudes and persuasion, group processes, intergroup processes, prosocial behavior, aggression, and conformity. Theories, methodology, and applications of social psychology. Prerequisite: PSYC 110.  SO
Psychology: Core
Psychology: Social Science
MW 2:30pm-3:45pm

PSYC 160a, The Human Brain Gregory McCarthy

Introduction to the neural bases of human psychological function, including social, cognitive, and affective processing. Preparation for more advanced courses in cognitive and social neuroscience. Topics include memory, reward processing, neuroeconomics, individual differences, emotion, social inferences, and clinical disorders. Neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, and neuropharmacology are also introduced.  SC
Psychology: Core
Psychology: Natural Science
TTh 1pm-2:15pm

* PSYC 161b, Drugs, Brain, and Behavior Hedy Kober

Psychoactive drugs and their effects on both brain and behavior. Pharmacological and brain mechanisms of different classes of legal, illegal, and medicinal drugs, including alcohol, caffeine, tobacco, stimulants, depressants, antidepressants, and hallucinogens. Individual drugs' pharmacokinetics, mechanisms of action, dosing, routes of administration, and patterns and effects of use and misuse. Some attention to substance use disorders, prevention, and treatment.  SC
MW 2:30pm-3:45pm

PSYC 171b, Sex, Evolution, and Human Nature Laurie Santos

Consideration of human behavior in a broad evolutionary context. Topics include basic evolutionary theory, human mating strategies, the biology of warfare, sex differences in behavior, love and lust, the evolution of morality, and the role of language and culture.  SO
MW 1pm-2:15pm

PSYC 180b, Abnormal Psychology Jutta Joormann

The major forms of psychopathology that appear in childhood and adult life. Topics include the symptomatology of mental disorders; their etiology from psychological, biological, and sociocultural perspectives; and issues pertaining to diagnosis and treatment.  SO
MW 9am-10:15am

PSYC 182b / CGSC 282b / PHIL 182b, Perspectives on Human Nature Joshua Knobe

Comparison of philosophical and psychological perspectives on human nature. Nietzsche on morality, paired with contemporary work on the psychology of moral judgment; Marx on religion, paired with systematic research on the science of religious belief; Schopenhauer paired with social psychology on happiness.  HU
TTh 2:30pm-3:20pm

PSYC 190a, Introduction to Clinical Neuroscience Tyrone Cannon

The biological bases of psychopathology, with attention to the interplay of biological and psychological factors. Research and theory regarding the role of biological influences such as genetics, neuronal physiology and signaling, and psychopharmacology in the major classes of mental disorders. Discussion of mood and anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, addictions, personality disorders, eating disorders, and autism.  SC
MW 1pm-2:15pm

PSYC 191b, The Biological Basis of Personality Avram Holmes

Major discoveries in the biological basis of human personality. The history of personality theory; evolutionary theories of personality; heritability; genetic architecture; personality's relations to the brain, to psychiatric illness, and to morality and criminality; cultural and gender differences; personality over the lifespan. Prerequisite: PSYC 110.  SO
MW 9am-10:15am

PSYC 200b, Statistics Jaime Napier

Measures of central tendency, variability, association, and the application of probability concepts in determining the significance of research findings.  QR

PSYC 230Lb, Research Methods in Human Neuroscience Gregory McCarthy

Methods of human neuroscience research. Focus on functional magnetic resonance imaging, electroencephalography, and evoked potentials. Students design experiments, acquire data, and perform analyses. Extensive use of MATLAB. Prerequisites: PSYC 160 or 170 and a course in statistics, or permission of instructor.  SC
W 1pm-5pm

* PSYC 232La, Research Methods in Social Decision Making David Rand

Methods of research in social interaction and decision making. Game theory, economic modeling, and evolutionary modeling applied to experimental psychology. Students design and conduct a research study, analyze the data, and write a research report. Prerequisites: PSYC 110 and a course in statistics, or with permission of instructor. Recommended preparation: research experience. Enrollment limited.  SO
Psychology: Social Science
Psychology: ResearchMethods
W 1pm-4pm

* PSYC 235a, Research Methods in Psychology Woo-kyoung Ahn

Introduction to general principles and strategies of psychological research. Topics include generating and testing hypotheses, laboratory and field experiments, scale construction, sampling, archival methods, case studies, ethics and politics of research, and Internet and cross-cultural methods. Hands-on research experience in laboratories. Prerequisites: PSYC 200 or STAT 103, or permission of instructor.  WR, SO
MWF 10:30am-11:20am

PSYC 250a, Research Methods in Clinical Psychology Arielle Baskin-Sommers

Introduction to the underpinnings, processes, and methods of scientific research utilized in clinical psychology. Rationale for various methods, generating and testing hypotheses, nonhuman animal models, laboratory and applied studies, assessment methods, ethical issues, protection of participants, and research findings in relation to public life and policy.  SO
Psychology: ResearchMethods
Psychology: Social Science
TTh 1pm-2:15pm

* PSYC 270b, Research Methods in Behavioral Neuroscience Nelson Donegan

Laboratory course in which students design and conduct research to study brain function and behavior. Emphasis on hands-on participation in behavioral and neuroscience techniques. Prerequisites: PSYC 160 or 170, and a course in statistics, or with permission of instructor.  SC
Psychology: ResearchMethods
Psychology: Natural Science

PSYC 315b / CGSC 315b, The Modern Unconscious John Bargh

The notion of the unconscious mind traced from the early 1800s through Freud to present-day cognitive science, with a focus on the past thirty years. The power and function of the unconscious as a pervasive part of normal everyday human functioning. Readings from philosophy of mind and evolutionary biology.  SO
TTh 11:35am-12:50pm

PSYC 318b / LING 220b, General Phonetics Staff

Investigation of possible ways to describe the speech sounds of human languages. Acoustics and physiology of speech; computer synthesis of speech; practical exercises in producing and transcribing sounds. (Formerly LING 120)  SO
Psychology: Natural Science
WF 9am-10:15am

* PSYC 319b / HLTH 215b, Health Psychology Benjamin Toll

An introduction to health behaviors and ways in which they can be altered. Health-compromising behaviors such as the use of alcohol, drugs, and tobacco; the impact of health psychology on problems such as stress, pain management, AIDS, and cancer.  SO
Psychology: Social Science
MW 1pm-2:15pm

PSYC 321b, Psychopharmacology Thomas Brown

Study of therapeutic and recreational drugs that affect the central nervous system and influence mood, cognition, perception, and behavior. Drugs considered vary from psychotropic to hypnotic to narcotic. Prerequisite: PSYC 160 or <170> or equivalent, or permission of instructor.  SC
Psychology: Natural Science
TTh 1pm-2:15pm

PSYC 327b / LING 227b, Language and Computation Gaja Jarosz

Design and analysis of computational models of language. Topics include finite state tools, computational morphology and phonology, grammar and parsing, lexical semantics, and the use of linguistic models in applied problems. Prerequisite: Prior programming experience or permission of instructor. (Formerly LING 141)  QR, SO
Psychology: Natural Science
TTh 4pm-5:15pm

PSYC 330a, Psychology and the Law Kristi Lockhart

Contributions of psychological theory and research to our understanding of the law and the criminal justice system. Topics include criminality, eyewitness testimony, lie detection, jury decision making, the death penalty, the insanity defense, civil commitment, prisons, repressed memories, children as witnesses and defendants, and the role of psychologists as expert witnesses and trial consultants.  SO
Psychology: Social Science
TTh 1pm-2:15pm

* PSYC 350a or b, Autism and Related Disorders Staff

Weekly seminar focusing on autism and related disorders of socialization. A series of lectures on topics in etiology, diagnosis and assessment, treatment and advocacy, and social neuroscience methods; topics cover infancy through adulthood. Supervised experience in the form of placement in a school, residence, or treatment setting for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. Details about admission to the course are explained at the first course meeting. Prerequisite: an introductory psychology course.  SO
Psychology: Natural Science
T 3:30pm-5:20pm

* PSYC 355a, Clinical Psychology in the Community Kristi Lockhart

Mental disorders as they are treated within a community setting. Students participate in a fieldwork placement, working either one-on-one or in groups with the psychiatrically disabled. Seminar meetings focus on such topics as the nature of severe mental disorders, the effects of deinstitutionalization, counseling skills, and social policy issues related to mental health. Prerequisite: PSYC 180 or permission of instructor.
Psychology: Social Science
M 2:30pm-4:20pm

PSYC 376a, Learning and Memory Thomas Brown

The basic facts, general principles, and theories that describe how higher animals, from mice to humans, are changed by their experiences. The historically separate fields of learning and memory research desegregated under a neuroscientific perspective that recognizes the evolutionary continuity among higher animals. Prerequisites: introductory courses in biology and psychology, or permission of instructor.  SC, SO
Psychology: Natural Science
TTh 1pm-2:15pm

* PSYC 402b, Topics in Infant Studies Karen Wynn

Advanced topics in infant cognitive, social, and emotional development. Attention to infant attachment strategies as well as maternal and paternal investment and attachment. Perspectives from biology, anthropology, and developmental, comparative, clinical, physiological, and evolutionary psychology.  SO

* PSYC 411b, Intro to Systems Neuroscience Wohn Chang

This course provides an overview of the fundamental principles governing the central nervous system. Topics include the anatomy of the central nervous system, the neural mechanisms underlying cortical and subcortical control of behavior, various neuroscience techniques, as well as implications for nervous system disorders. The lectures will combine basic knowledge of the nervous system with the key experimental findings that led to new discoveries in brain function.  SC
TTh 9am-10:15am

* PSYC 414a / WGSS 466, Gender Images: A Psychological Perspective Marianne LaFrance

The nature and effects of gender images (males and females, sexual orientation, gender identities) on the construction of self-identity, stereotypes, aspirations, and interpersonal relationships. Focus on contemporary media, with attention to how, when, and why gender images change with time.  SO

* PSYC 423a / CGSC 423a, Cognitive Science of Good and Evil Paul Bloom

Feelings and sentiments that relate to morality, including empathy, disgust, anger, shame, guilt, envy, lust, and love. The evolution of such moral emotions, ways in which they are influenced by culture, and whether they are reliable guides to moral thought and action. Perspectives from philosophy, social and developmental psychology, evolutionary biology, theology, and law.  SO
T 2:30pm-4:20pm

* PSYC 425b, Social Perception Brian Scholl

Connections between visual perception, among the earliest and most basic of human cognitive processes, and social cognition, among the most advanced forms of higher-level cognition. The perception of animacy, agency, and goal-directedness; biological motion; face perception (including the perception of facial attractiveness); gaze processing and social attention; "thin-slicing" and "perceptual stereotypes"; and social and cultural influences on perception.  SO
Th 1:30pm-3:20pm

* PSYC 454b, Sensory Information Processing Lawrence Marks

A functional examination of the ways that sensory systems transduce stimulus energies and information. Topics include sensory anatomy and physiology, psychophysical analysis of the qualitative dimensions of sensory experience, selective attention, and interactions among sensory, perceptual, and cognitive mechanisms.  SC, SO
T 3:30pm-5:20pm

* PSYC 458a, Decision Neuroscience Gregory Samanez-Larkin

The decision-making process examined from the perspective of neuroscience. Research from cognitive neuroscience, psychology, public health, behavioral economics, finance, marketing, and computer science. Topics include reinforcement learning, risky decision making, intertemporal choice, social decision making, impulsivity and self control, development and aging, psychopathology, and commercial and public health applications.  SO
T 1:30pm-3:20pm

* PSYC 477b, Psychopathology and the Family Kristi Lockhart

The influence of the family on development and maintenance of both normal and abnormal behavior. Special emphasis on the role of early childhood experiences. Psychological, biological, and sociocultural factors within the family that contribute to variations in behavior. Relations between family and disorders such as schizophrenia, depression, anorexia nervosa, and criminality. Family therapy approaches and techniques.  SO
W 2:30pm-4:30pm

* PSYC 490a and PSYC 491b, Directed Reading Laurie Santos

Individual study for qualified students who wish to investigate an area of psychology not covered by regular departmental offerings. A student must be sponsored by a faculty member, who sets requirements and meets regularly with the student. To register, the student must submit a written plan of study approved by the adviser to the director of undergraduate studies. The normal minimum requirement is a term paper, but individual faculty members may set alternative equivalent requirements. May be elected for one or two terms.

* PSYC 492a and PSYC 493b, Directed Research Laurie Santos

Empirical research projects for qualified students, primarily seniors. A student must be sponsored by a faculty member, who sets the requirements and supervises research. To register, the student must submit a written plan of study approved by the adviser to the director of undergraduate studies. The normal minimum requirement is a written report of the completed research, but individual faculty members may set alternative equivalent requirements. May be elected for one or two terms.

* PSYC 495a or b, Research Topics Laurie Santos

Discussion and/or individual study of current topics or ongoing research projects. A student must be sponsored by a faculty member, who sets the requirements and supervises the coursework. Requirements can include attending lab meetings, performing research with a faculty member, or writing a final paper. To register, the student must submit a written plan of study approved by the faculty sponsor to the director of undergraduate studies. May be repeated for credit.  ½ Course cr